Author Archives: Pat Lehane

Ireland to host World Lean Conference

Paul Ebbs, the Conference Chair, is
Associate Consultant, Continuous
Improvement Services, WSP in the UK.

What is the IGLC?                                                                                                                      The IGLC is an integrated international network and community of researchers in practice and academia that has collected a specific repository of research from the members of the community and their associates. It showcases new thinking, knowledge and practices that have been developed, funded and implemented by pioneering researchers in lean organisations  in the architecture, engineering, construction and facilities management (AECFM) sector.

Many of the lean principles, methods and practices used by the pioneers of today’s AECFM sector such as US M&E specialists Southland Industries are documented in the IGLC repository (e.g. Last Planner® System; Target Value Design; Virtual Design and Construction).

These methods are used to engage trades early in project delivery to leverage their knowledge and experience and produce better project results, including more profit by significantly improving coordination and sequencing of work which results in much less rework! Many of the pioneers and thought leaders of lean construction will be part of the week-long event.

IGLC 2019                                                                                                                                          This year’s event promises to be the largest IGLC yet. The week is split into four key parts – workshop day, industry day, 3-day research conference, and a 2-day PhD Summer School.

Workshop day                                                                                                                                                            This will be located in Dublin Castle and has 10 different options to choose from. The workshops are designed to help those either beginning or at more advanced stages of their lean journeys. Participants will learn from, and interact with, internationally-recognised lean leaders in design and construction. Topics will include an introduction to lean; target-value design; gemba walks; simple framework for integrating project delivery; the better building model; choosing by advantages; creating enthusiasm for lean on your project; facilitating effective lean sessions; takt planning and the role of language and moods in successful project delivery.

Workshop day wraps up with “meet the authors” where the likes of David Umstot, Rafael Sacks, Hal Macomber, Klaus Lemke, Dean Reed, Atul Khanzode, Tom Richert and Marton Marosszeky will answer some more of the burning questions raised by the workshop participants during the day about implementing and sustaining lean.

Industry day                                                                                                                                                              This will take place in Croke Park and will have four sessions run in a single stream with “Ted Talk ”style 18-minute presentations and audience engagement. Participants will hear about lean leadership and culture in Ireland from Ardmac, DPS, Mace and more. From an international perspective, current best practice case studies will be shared from the UK, US, Peru, Norway, Denmark and Germany.

The presentations and panel discussions will explore how purpose, culture, mind-set and team building are at the heart of successful project delivery. Industry day also includes dedicated panels to address the burning questions gathered throughout the day from the audience. The panelists include lean coaches David Umstot, Jason Klous, Randi Christensen, Cynthia Tsao and Steve Ward, in addition to the “godparents” of lean construction Glenn Ballard, Iris Tommelein, Lauri Koskela and Luis Alarcon.

The 3-day research conference                                                                                                                               Again to be held in Croke Park, the conference will be chaired by Professors Christine Pasquire and Farook Hamzeh. It is structured to engage Irish and international industry with the latest output and developments in lean construction from around the globe. These are either in use, ready for market, in exploratory and developmental stage or blue skies research that will shape the future of lean construction and project delivery.

Papers are being submitted under the following themes: (1) Contract and Cost Management; (2) Enabling Lean with Information Technology; (3) Lean and BIM; (4) Lean Theory; (5) People, Culture and Change; (6) Product Development and Design Management; (7) Production Planning and Control; (8) Last Planner® System; (9) Language Action Perspective; (10) Production System Design; (11) Safety, Quality and Green-Lean; (12) Supply Chain Management and Off-Site Construction; (13) Learning and Teaching Lean.

Previous IGLC conference proceedings are searchable by key word or authors at www.iglc.net

2-day PhD Summer School                                                                                                                                    The week concludes with a 2-day PhD Summer School in the Grangegorman Campus of Technological University Dublin. The Summer School provides an opportunity for 12 PhD research students (Irish and/or international applicants) to present their work and receive feedback from a panel of senior lean construction academics and experts. This two-day event supports in-depth discussion of current research in the field of lean construction.

See full details on IGLC 2019 at www.iglc2019.com

TO NZEB AND BEYOND

Tom Ascough, Director, Symphony Energy.

There continues to exist a grey area between the consultant’s design aspirations and the final built product. Most importantly, whatever about the consultant and the contractor, neither the client nor the architect recognise this void and consequently there is no budget allocated to bridge it. Besides, it’s difficult to know if a bridging service has been successfully rendered until the building is operating comfortably and energy efficiently.

Without a budget, an optimally-configured installation remains mostly illusive. Neither the consultant nor the contractor can be expected to invest in this space without compensation. In any case, it’s a highly specialist “grey area”.

It needs to blend the consultant’s concept creativity, practical installation knowledge and building automation programming into a single service offering. Our experience is that clients will only take this seriously if they are assured they will benefit from energy savings. If they can get their heads around the concept of an EPC (Energy Performance Contract), then they know they are guaranteed the savings, or at least a risk-free attempt, at getting them.

Perhaps we’ve asked too much from installation contractors in the past by pressing them to meet us half-way through the “grey area” in order to salvage a modicum of the lost energy performance buried in the finer operational set-up of buildings’ M&E systems. To spare everyone the pain, we widened the remit of our consultancy practice to bridge the gap between concept and competition.

Through EPC Contractor Symphony Energy, we forged a new EPC offering that guarantees a sizeable energy saving release from  existing building M&E systems. This idea has been tested and has proven highly-effective on several projects. Savings of 50% are typical, although a number of projects have the energy dial crossing the 70% and 80% savings thresholds. So, before subjecting owners of existing building stock to high retrofit costs in an effort to play catch-up towards NZEB, first explore what can be done to get a deep retrofit effect without needing a deep retrofit budget.

Consultants working on new projects need not wait until their designs are struggling to deliver the desired energy performance in reality. NZEB ought to be more a concern for clients than their project teams. The pragmatic approach for everyone’s benefit is to ensure the client allocates room in the project budget to better achieve the desired energy performance at, and post, completion. This provides a high level of assurance that NZEB levels are achieved, and perhaps exceeded, for new projects. By having an EPC contractor involved in the project from the early design stages, the crucial link between concept and actual energy performance is, quite literally, guaranteed.

The stakes are high for anyone offering an EPC as the client can only win, but the provider may take a loss, perhaps a heavy loss. To mitigate risk, we had to be confident in our predicted engineering solution outcomes. We also needed to have integral involvement in developing control algorithms that precisely matched the engineering concepts under every conceivable operating scenario. We needed to be proficient in coding so we could at least recognise programming issues and live test the code to iron out any bugs that would stifle the intended outcome.

Ultimately, we found ourselves searching the global market for high-grade PLC/BEMS equipment that is built on open systems architecture so it can act as a systems integration point with all other BMS systems, and with practically all other open protocols associated with M&E equipment.

Such protocols range from BACnet, Modbus, Lonworks to OPC, Dali, KNX, EnOcean and mBus. Using Loytec equipment, we’ve been able to integrate existing BMS and other M&E equipment to provide a single composite operating platform. With code programming in IEC61131-3 and other standard web software, it’s been possible to deliver exactly the engineering solution from concept to completion.

A tailored smartphone app is developed for each building or site. This empowers the facilities and maintenance team with good visibility into the operation of their buildings and the ability to swiftly intervene where necessary. The app also enables manual control over various individual items of equipment, making maintenance procedures more efficient.

Our quest to conquer the energy gap in the “grey zone” has yielded some high-value operational and management benefits over and beyond the deep energy savings. The broader integration of the M&E systems data with a wider array of IIoT data and machine-learning enhances the automated identification of the control system’s dynamic, integrated, optimum performance points.

Herein lies the next generation of energy savings that are key to nailing NZEB targets and beyond. Now, all of this diverse data is gathered together with a suite of powerful analytical tools on a cloud platform. Apart from providing wider market access to these now-proven extraordinary energy savings capabilities, this empowers a major advancement for energy, facilities and maintenance management proficiency.

The cloud platform also makes it easier to identify and assess a near endless pipeline of future energy-saving measures, thereby serving to deliver upon the continuous improvement requirements of ISO50001 more effortlessly.

SEAI Market Surveillance on Lighting & Heating

Tim Stokes, Market Surveillance
Programme Manager at SEAI

Over the last year, SEAI has been investigating the lighting sector. A major focus has been on GU10 LEDs, as there have been notable levels of noncompliance in other EU countries and the Lighting Association of Ireland (LAI) highlighted them as being of concern.

SEAI has undertaken checks on more than 200 lamp models. Checks included market screening, technical documentation checks and, in some instances, the physical screening of lamps using a “lab in a suitcase” called LightSpion. Using a risk-based approach 12 lamps have been selected for laboratory testing.

The lamps are being tested at the accredited Lighting Industry Association Laboratories Ltd in the UK. The test results received so far indicate that eight out of 12 of the products tested are non-compliant in one or more ways. With further test results outstanding, this number could be higher by the end of testing.

Tim Stokes, Market Surveillance Programme Manager at SEAI said: “Because these lamps have been chosen for testing based on risk, this level of non-compliance is unlikely to be replicated across the entire range of GU10s on sale in Ireland. Also, some noncompliance such as a lamp declared as an A++ energy label when it is an A+ energy label might be considered more serious than, for example, small inconsistencies in the quality of light produced. Nonetheless, our findings are concerning so we will continue to focus on GU10s, and more widely on the lighting sector.”

The next step will be to engage with the importers and  manufacturers concerned to address the non-compliance. Enforcement action can be taken if needed, including a requirement to withdraw lamps from the marketplace.

SEAI is working with industry and others to improve compliance. Says Tim Stokes: “Engaging with industry, particularly through the Lighting Association of Ireland, has been a very important component of our approach. It has informed us regarding compliance issues and helped to promote compliance to businesses in the supply chain.

International collaboration is also important given the free movement of products within the EU market, so we have been liaising with market surveillance bodies in other EU countries, particularly the UK, to share information and avoid duplication.”

Apart from lighting, SEAI is also investigating products in other sectors. Tim Stokes told Building Services News: “Our analysis indicates that space and water heating products are by some distance the most important area for us to focus on. This is because of their level of market penetration and potential for significantly-increased energy consumption due to noncompliance. We have already identified and addressed some non-compliance in the sector and will significantly ramp up our activity during 2019 and beyond.“

He added: “Companies placing products on the market in Ireland need to take great care to ensure that they are compliant with EU regulations. It is our aim to tackle non-compliance robustly to improve consumer confidence, protect the environment and create a level playing field for manufacturers and importers.”

Demand for Controls is Installer Opportunity

The Building Regulations specify that space and water heating systems should be effectively controlled. As a minimum, this requires automatic time and
temperature control of space heating and stored hot water. Provision should be made to control heat input on the basis of temperature within the heated space, e.g. by the use of room thermostats, thermostatic radiator valves, or other equivalent forms of sensing devices.

For larger dwellings, independent temperature control should generally be provided for separate zones that normally operate at different temperatures.
Thermostats should be located in a position representative of the temperature in the area being controlled and which is not unduly influenced by draughts,
direct sunlight or other factors which would directly affect performance. Depending on the design and layout of the dwelling, control on the basis of a single zone will generally be satisfactory for smaller dwellings. For larger dwellings, e.g. where floor area exceeds 100sq m, independent temperature control on the basis of two independent zones will generally be appropriate. In certain cases, additional zone control may be desirable.

Zoned heating controls
Zoned heating controls provide full control of different areas in the home, in addition to managing heating and hot water independently. This can dramatically reduce energy bills. TRVs provide an important extra control that allows the temperature to be set in individual rooms, preventing energy from being wasted on heating empty rooms. The concept is simple but highly effective.

Smart controls
Upgrading to a smart control can save homeowners up to €120 a year (Source Bord Gáis Energy) on heating bills with knock-on benefits to the environment. In addition to the substantial cost saving, smart controls offer exceptional flexibility and ensure the highest level of comfort. Although typically more expensive than installing basic load or weather compensators, a smart thermostat is likely to pay for itself through reduced heating bills faster than any
other technology covered by the regulations. Smart programmable TRVs are also available and can be fitted either as a stand-alone solution or as part of a zoned heating control system.

Another development relatively new to the domestic heating market is the concept of a central controller which works by linking all the elements of a home’s heating controls, including room sensors and electronic TRVs. Ideal for larger homes or apartments, this type of system provides wireless, programmable control of radiators throughout the property, either via the central controller or by using an app. The latest solutions mean that temperature can be controlled room-by-room and hour-by-hour, even when homeowners

SEAI Better Energy Homes grant
According to SEAI, upgrading heating controls can reduce heating energy usage by 20%. The SEAI heating controls upgrade grant value is €700 and all homeowners, including landlords whose homes were built and occupied before 2006, can apply. Homes built from 2006 onwards should have been constructed to the 2003 Building Regulations and should not need significant upgrades. This is defined as the date your electricity meter was installed.

Energy Saving Credits
Installers can claim Energy SavingCredits for the upgrade of heating system controls through an easy-to-use scheme administered by Heat Merchants. The value of credit, which is returned to the installer, ranges from €67 up to €276, depending on whether the controls are entry level, full multi-zone controls or smart controls. Energy Saving Credits are also available for full system upgrades which feature heating controls.

Irelandskills live 2019 — Changing the perception of skills and craft apprenticeships

Donal Keys, Head of Construction
Skills, DIT with Pat Lehane, Publisher
& Editor Building Services News, during
an interview at the IrelandSkills Live
launch in the Mansion House.


What’s different about IrelandSkills Live?
There can be nothing more empowering than a real face-to-face opportunity that allows students, parents and teachers to experience the realities that so many of our apprenticeships and skills can offer. IrelandSkills Live will do just that, in a dynamic and exciting format of skills demonstrations, testimonials, presentations and one-on-one interface/discussion opportunities.

For years we have been producing the world’s best in plumbing, engineering, electrical, joinery etc and, while we have done exceptionally well at the WorldSKills Competitions, the general public in Ireland know little or nothing about our achievements. From now on we are going to show off our talents and, going forward, IrelandSkills Live is going to be the main showcase opportunity for all skills in Ireland.

What will the event entail for visitors?
Visitors to the event will have the opportunity to experience three days of competitions in the IrelandSkills National Competition when the cream of Irish craft trades, skills and apprenticeships will be on view live to thousands of school students, parents and their teachers.

They will see, probably for the first time, trained apprentices and students competing head to head against each other, and against the clock, for up to 21 hours in a bid to win the most coveted prize of them all, the Minister of Education & Skills’ Silver Medal. They will see young people performing live demonstrations of highly-skilled jobs, have an opportunity to try these various skills for themselves, and hear presentations on the Heroes Stage from many of the successful individuals and entrepreneurs whose career paths were shaped by the skills route.

What can they expect from the event?
The experience will undoubtedly prompt them (and their parents) to ask questions like the following:

How does being a plumbing and heating specialist influence/shape the environment?

How does being a refrigeration engineer effect global warming?

How does a building services specialist influence peoples’ well-being and comfort in their homes and workplaces?

How do skills in building services save energy?

Other benefits of the skills route?
Apart from the interesting, exciting and well-paid job/career opportunities, the apprenticeship route means getting paid from day one. What degree course can offer that? Again I suspect students, and their parents, are not mindful of that. Students can enjoy a paid alternative to the academic path, earning while they learn via practical training, study (both online and offline) and hands-on experience.

What impact can IrelandSkills Live make?
IrelandSkills Live will will aim to successfully explain and promote apprenticeships and skills but, even more so, it will create and shape a new mind-set among students and their parents when considering their employment and future career paths. It will unlock new potential by showcasing the real opportunities available to our children, and do so in an exciting, stimulating and dynamic forum that broadens their horizons and outlook.

Ireland has a long-standing tradition of skill in craft and technical know-how, from the Book of Kells to the Collison brothers inventing Stripe. With IrelandSkills Live we are now bringing it all to a new level.

See www.irelandskillslive.ie

What can we learn from the Grenfell Tower disaster?

Dr Hywel Davies Technical Director, CIBSE and Chair of the Expert Group on the Approved Documents

Dame Judith Hackitt’s review, and the associated activity around buildin  regulations in England, is the most significant review in over a generation, since the 1984 Building Act, and is widely recognised as being a once in two generations opportunity to reform building regulations in England. It will also have implications in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, which are watching closely.

Moreover, it will extend beyond building regulations, which apply up until a building is complete and handed over, into the operation of the building and subsequent maintenance and minor works. This review activity is being watched closely outside the UK too, with three states in the Australian Commonwealth introducing legislation related to cladding on tall buildings in October 2018.

This paper summarises the activity associated with the review, and also considers where we are likely to see changes in practice as a result of Grenfell Tower. Many have said that the industry must change in order that we reduce, as far as is humanly possible, the prospect of any such fire occurring again. Dame Judith was asked to focus on “High Rise Residential Buildings” (HRRBs), with a twofold purpose:
• To make recommendations that will ensure we have a sufficiently robust regulatory system for the future;
• To provide further assurance to residents that the complete system is working to ensure the buildings they live in are safe and will remain, so Visit This URL to look for more safety hazzards and what you need for security in a construction process.

Dame Judith was asked to:
• Map the current regulatory system (i.e. the regulations, guidance and processes) as it applies to new and existing buildings through planning, design, construction, maintenance, refurbishment and change management;
• Consider the competencies, duties and balance of responsibilities of key individuals within the system in ensuring that fire safety standards are adhered to;
• Assess the theoretical coherence of the current regulatory system and how it operates in practice;
• Compare this with other international regulatory systems for buildings and regulatory systems in other sectors with similar safety risks;
• Make recommendations that ensure the regulatory system is fit for purpose with a particular focus on multi occupancy high-rise residential buildings.

The review began by calling for evidence from interested parties. As well as contributing to responses by the Construction Industry Council and Royal Academy of Engineering, CIBSE responded with a detailed contribution on façade engineering aspects of the review developed by a working group of the Society of Façade Engineers (Ref: 1). Dame Judith’s interim report was published on 18 December 2017 (Ref: 2), in which she concluded that the current system of regulation of HRRBs is not fit for purpose.

Dame Judith commented on some of her observations during the initial phase of the review, saying: “I have been shocked by some of the practices I have heard about and I am convinced of the need for a new intelligent system of regulation and enforcement for high-rise and complex buildings that will encourage everyone to do the right thing, and will hold to account those who try to cut corners. “Changes to the regulatory regime will help, but on their own will not be sufficient unless we can change the culture away from one of doing the minimum required for compliance, to one of taking ownership and responsibility for delivering a safe system throughout
the life-cycle of a building.”

She gave extended evidence later that day to the Communities and Local Government Select Committee of parliament (Ref: 3). This underlined her concerns and set out a number of reasons for them:

1) Current regulations and guidance are too complex and unclear. This can lead to confusion and misinterpretation in their application to high-rise and complex buildings;

2) Clarity of roles and responsibilities is poor. Even where there are requirements for key activities to take place across design, construction and maintenance, it is not always clear who has responsibility for making it happen;

3) Despite many who demonstrate good practice, the means of assessing and ensuring the competency of key people throughout the system is inadequate. There is often no differentiation in competency requirements for those working on high-rise and complex buildings;

4) Compliance, enforcement and sanctions processes are too weak. What is being designed is not what is being built and there is a lack of robust change control. The lack of meaningful sanctions does not drive the right behaviours;

5) The route for residents to escalate concerns is unclear and inadequate;

6) The system of product testing, marketing and quality assurance is not clear.

In late January there was an industry summit, which was accompanied by a statement which reinforced the interim findings and set out the next steps:
• The current system for ensuring fire safety in high-rise and complex buildings is not fit for purpose;
• A culture change is required, with industry taking greater responsibility for what is built – this change needs to start now;
• This applies throughout the building life-cycle, both during construction and occupation;
• A clear, quick and effective route for residents to raise concerns, and be listened to, must be created. The Report set out six broad areas for change:
• Ensuring that regulation and guidance is risk-based, proportionate and unambiguous;
• Clarifying roles and responsibilities for ensuring that buildings are safe;
• Improving levels of competence within the industry;
• Improving the process, compliance and enforcement of regulations;
• Creating a clear, quick and effective route for residents’ voices to be heard and listened to;
• Improving testing, marketing and quality assurance of products used in construction.

The second and final phase of the Review set out to develop practical solutions that will deliver these areas of change and support the direction of travel set out in the Interim Report. Nothing short of a major overhaul of the whole system was envisaged, and Dame Judith undertook to work with all those who shared her ambition and drive to create a new and robust regulatory framework and system that supports this. Across all sectors of the industry she called for radical thinking about the immediate actions that could be taken to lead to sustainable change.

Industry leaders at the summit committed to work to create a new system that will work effectively and coherently, with working groups formed to develop innovative solutions in the following key areas:

Design, construction and refurbishment: Establishing what industry and regulators need to do to fully embed building safety during the design and construction phase; Occupation and maintenance: Identifying what building owners, landlords and regulators need to do differently to ensure that building safety is prioritised when a building is occupied and throughout its life-cycle;
Products: Determining how the product testing and marketing regime can be improved;
Competency: Establishing how competency requirements for key individuals involved in building and managing complex and high-risk buildings should change;
Residents’ voice: Determining the best way for residents to be given a clear, quick and effective statutory route for raising concerns on fire safety;
Regulation and guidance: Resolving whether central Government ownership of technical guidance is the most appropriate model for complex and high-risk buildings.

An expert group was also formed by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) to inform the government response to the recommendation to consider how the suite of Approved Documents could be structured and ordered to provide a more streamlined, holistic view, while keeping the right level of relevant technical detail. The author chaired this working group. Its recommendations were submitted in March to Dame Judith and accepted in full in her final report. In response to Grenfell, MHCLG also established a very comprehensive web-based compendium of Grenfell-related information (Ref: 4).

Dame Judith’s final report was published by government on 18 May 20185. In response to her remit, to “make recommendations that ensure that the regulatory system is fit for purpose with a particular focus on multi-occupancy high-rise residential buildings”, the report focuses on “higher risk residential buildings”, defined as residential buildings over 10 storeys. However, Dame Judith notes that a number of her recommendations should extend to multi-occupancy buildings.

This has prompted considerable debate, and current thinking within the Construction Industry Council (CIC), which brings together all the professional bodies in the industry in England, is that her recommendations should apply to all multiple-occupancy residential buildings, regardless of height. The report envisages a new regulatory system, bringing the Fire Service, Health and Safety Executive and Building Control services together in a “Joint Competent Authority” (JCA), which is proposed to oversee both construction and operation of higher-risk buildings, and to take responsibility for the enforcement of the Building Regulations and other relevant legislation relating to HRRBs (see Chapter 1). It calls for a series of Gateways for new HRRBs and major projects on existing HRRBs, which would entail significant scrutiny and sign-off by the JCA. It also envisages a role for the JCA in overseeing a safety case system for existing HRRBs through the whole operating life of the building (see Chapters 2 & 3).

The report calls for radical change in the current Building Regulations and associated guidance (Chapter 6), and for provision of full digital models for all new higher-risk buildings, and for them to be maintained through the life of the building (Chapter 8). However, it is Chapter 5 that sets out the (potentially) most far-reaching recommendations for CIBSE and its members, and indeed for all professionals, relating to competence. Recommendation 5.2 of the Review calls for the professions to come together to provide a new and more robust and effective system for recognising and maintaining competence. The terms used in the Report could not set
a clearer challenge to the built environment professions, and merits reading in full.

Dame Judith, a past-President of the Institution of Chemical Engineers, was clear that professional bodies in the built environment and property and fire safety sectors must find a way to work together. She calls on government to supervise the process and, if we cannot deliver, to step in. The message is really clear, and the response was almost immediate, with a working group being formed.

Other key recommendations from the report that will impact building services engineers include:
• A clear model of risk ownership, with clear responsibilities for the client, designer, contractor and owner to demonstrate the delivery and maintenance of safe buildings. The project team will be held to account by the new JCA. This new body will have powers during both construction and operation of a building, and for existing buildings;
• A set of rigorous and demanding duty-holder roles and responsibilities to ensure a stronger focus on safety during a building’s design, construction and refurbishment. These roles will be broadly aligned with the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations. Penalties for those “who choose to game the system and place residents at risk”, as Dame Judith describes them, will also be more serious.
• Moving towards a system where ownership of technical guidance rests with the industry, with oversight by government. A clearer package of regulations and “truly outcomes-based” guidance which will be simpler to navigate while reflecting the level of complexity of building work. It acknowledges that “prescriptive regulation and guidance are not helpful in designing and building complex buildings, especially in an environment where building technology and practices continue to evolve, and will prevent those undertaking the work from taking responsibility for their actions”;
• A more effective product-testing regime with clearer labelling and traceability because “the current process for testing and ‘certifying’ products for use in construction is disjointed, confusing, unhelpful, and lacks any sort of transparency”. Poor procurement practices to be tackled to ensure high-safety, low-risk options are prioritised and full life-cycle cost is considered when a building is procured;
• A digital record from initial design intent through to construction, including any changes that occur during occupation, is also called for, effectively producing a model similar to one created under BIM Level 2. This digital model will create “a golden thread of information” about each HRRB which is handed over to the owner. The information can then be used to demonstrate to the regulator the safety of the building throughout its life cycle;
• Clearer rights for residents are also proposed, as well as responsibilities where resident activity can create risks that may affect others.

Much of the report is eminently sensible and says a lot of things that have needed saying for some time, although there is still a lot of detail to be resolved. It is not yet clear how the government will proceed to address the full package of recommendations, but the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government has already set out what will happen next:
• Government has consulted on restricting the use of desktop studies as a means of assessing the fire performance of external cladding in lieu of an actual fire test. The consultation sought views on whether desktop studies should be used at all, and whether or not they are appropriate for construction products, wall systems, or for any other purpose;
• Government has consulted on clarifications to Approved Document B (Fire) over the summer and on banning the use of combustible materials in cladding systems on high-rise buildings. Legislation on this point is thought to be imminent at the time of writing. A full technical review of Part B of the Regulations, and of the Guidance, is also very likely.

The full Government response was promised for “late autumn 2018” and so may have emerged by the time you are reading this paper. In the meantime, Grenfell is not the only high-rise fire to have occurred. In Melbourne, Australia, the Lacrosse Building suffered a significant fire to which aluminium composite panels contributed. There were no casualties, and the sprinkler system helped to control the spread of the fire.

There was also a multi-storey hotel fire in Ballymun, Dublin recently. Thankfully, again there were no serious casualties but the building suffered significant damage. Following a full investigation, the State of Victoria has now introduced legislation to limit the use of such material on buildings in the State. New South Wales has also introduced new regulations. Queensland, which has an unknown number of buildings with potentially-combustible cladding, has introduced legislation requiring owners of high-rise buildings to register them with the State Building Control Commission by next March, and those that appear to be at risk of having combustible cladding will then be investigated further. It is not just England that has the problem with this cladding.

SDAR Journal 2018 Grenfell was an awful event, and has devastated many lives. There does appear to be a resolve to change the way that we build and manage high-rise residential buildings in the UK, but we are now getting to the challenge of starting to deliver change, and not talking about it. In the meantime, it is clear that the problems we have in England are not unique, and those elsewhere are also taking a close look at the way they regulate their buildings in the light of their own experience, and also that at Grenfell.

References
1. www.cibse.org/News-and-Policy/Consultations/Closed-Consultations/
Independent-Review-of-Building-Regulations-and-Fir
2. www.gov.uk/government/publications/independent-review-of-buildingregulations-
and-fire-safety-interim-report
3. The evidence session along with subsequent correspondence with the
committee is at: www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committeesa-
z/commons-select/communities-and-local-government-committee/
4. www.gov.uk/guidance/building-safety-programme
5. www.gov.uk/government/publications/independent-review-of-buildingregulations-
and-fire-safety-final-report

Industry Legend Yet Something of an Enigma

Despite establishing one of the sector’s most successful and enduring mech/elec contracting firms (T Bourke celebrates it 50th anniversary next year), Ted remained somewhat aloof with very few people getting to know what really made him tick. This was all the more extraordinary given the very high profile T Bourke enjoyed as
a leading industry company, and that Ted himself enjoyed as a very proactive industry protagonist.

For instance, back in the 1970s and 1980s he was very involved in the affairs of what was then known as the Mechanical and Electrical Building Services Contractors Association (ME&BSCA). In the mid- 1980s Ted was Chairman and in this role provided leadership and led delegations representing the industry’s cause to Government bodies and other organisations such as RIAI. Throughout this time he also forged a very strong relationship with Genie Climatique (GCI), a European contracting body representing 12 countries at the time. Ted represented the Association, and its parent CIF, on the GCI Liaison Committee and it was during his tenure as GCI President that it held its annual convention in Ireland, a major coup for the time.

Down through the years T Bourke received many accolades for the quality of its work and execution of projects, such as the NSAI Striving for Quality Assurance Award on the Tralee Hospital project. It was also one of the first building services contracting firms to be awarded ISO 9002 Quality Management Systems certification in 1991 with Bertie Ahern, TD, the then Minister for Finance, making the presentation.

Through T Bourke Ted also supported and sponsored various industry events, especially those that had an educational element. For instance, shortly after Tallaght Town Centre was built he sponsored the CIBSE Ireland site visit and lecture to the centre, including a sit-down three-course meal for 100 participants. They also got free tickets to the newly-opened state-of-the-art cinema.

Ted was disciplined and believed in hard work and commitment. He could be very demanding but somehow managed to convey that authority and expectation in a very obvious but yet low-key and understated manner. That said, he was always very fair and willing to listen. However, you would have to have detailed facts and evidence in abundance if you were to challenge him on an issue. Even at that you might not convince him that your way was right.

Ted was always the one in control, the one who had to be in charge, yet was still a great leader who employed, trained and helped develop individuals who became renowned within the industry as leaders themselves. Integrity was critical to all activities, be it inter-personal relationships with colleagues/employees or with clients. T Bourke quickly established a reputation as a very valued and fair partner in the execution of building projects, and always had (still does) an unrivalled reputation for honouring debts in full, and on time.

T Bourke was Ted’s life, but so was his family and golf. The outside perception was that he was something of workaholic, and his sons David and Niall who now run the business grew up with project plans constantly strewn over the kitchen or dining room table. He regularly brought work home but, equally so, he valued his down time. His leisure activities, or rather activity (meaning golf), was equally structured and prioritised. He played religiously every Saturday and Sunday, and also every Wednesday, especially in the summer months.

He brought the same commitment and competitiveness he had in business to his golf. It too was a serious business and he played to win … it was not a mere pastime and opportunity to ramble ‘round a golf course and chat with some friends. Not surprisingly, he featured regularly on the BTU teams that travelled to play in the inter-region competitions with their counterpart societies in the UK.

Yet, for all that, he remained a very private person within the sector. He socialised to some extent with business colleagues but was very selective and, for the most part, avoided the mainstream events. He did have a regular weekly date for many years with other industry forefathers though, and this continued up to quite recently but gradually petered out as they all got older.

That said, Ted was anything but retiring. Up to the recent fall that ultimately led to his untimely death he very active within Dun Laioghaire golf club and was widely known in the restaurants and hostelries in Dalkey for his regular daily dining routine that typically took in quite a number of establishments rather than the same place every day.

The passing of Ted Bourke marks the end of an era in the history of modern-day mechanical and electrical contracting in Ireland. However, his legacy is testimony to the fact that you can survive, and even prosper, in such a competitive environment and still retain core ethical values and integrity.

CIBSE Ireland Awards Shortlisted Finalists Announced

The specially-commissioned trophy designed by Shane Holland

There are three Awards categories — Up to €2 million; Between €2 million and €5 million; and Over €5 million — and they are sponsored respectively by Wilo, Hevac and Daikin.

Irish designer and maker Shane Holland and his team of experts that came from a higher education all with the special csc scholarship program provided by the Chinese Government Scholarships, they have created a special bespoke trophy for the awards. With a base in native Irish Yew (a timber which can take up to 400 years to mature, the glass and aluminium graphics are laser etched and all is finished with brass bolts. This new design for CIBSE Ireland is another custom, hand-built item from their award-winning workshops.

There were a significant number of entries from all over Ireland for the awards and these have now been whittled down to a shortlist of nine projects across the three categories. Details of these are as follows.

Category — Up to €2 million
Project — Arup fit-out, Albert Quay, Cork
Consultant — Arup
Contractor — Airflow Services
The Arup office in L1, One Albert Quay, Cork, is the first “WELL” certified office in Ireland and one of few office fit-outs exceeding its BER of a low B1 by achieving a high B1 operational equivalent in its first year. A data analytics platform tracks performance of VRV systems (another first) while reporting IAQ and energy consumption. Continuous development of a BIM and VR gaming platform assists our FM team. The open-plan office is designed for activity based working with collaboration spaces and focus rooms to meet the demands of a mobile workforce. This office provides a healthy and inspirational environment for all who work and visit here.

Project — The Rediscovery Centre
Consultant — Homan O’Brien
Contractor — Dominic O’Connor Ltd
The building for Dublin City Council and the Rediscovery Centre was conceived as a project to renew Ballymun’s old boiler house and create a national centre of excellence in education for sustainable development. The building has an A2 Energy Rating and has been designed to ensure a minimum carbon footprint in construction and throughout its operational lifetime.
A detailed sustainable construction specification was developed to support the project’s objective to demonstrate the importance, scale and challenge of living in a more connected way with the resources around us so that they are not wasted but protected and preserved and fully utilised.
A commitment to low carbon construction methods was employed and resulted in the use of innovative construction methods and technologies, demonstration technologies include Micro CHP, heat pump, biomass, solar thermal and solar PV, with extensive electrical and thermal metering provided for ongoing monitoring.

Project — The Well
Consultant — Optima Facilities Solutions
Contractor — Sirus Aircon (Mech) Philtron (elec)
The Sirus HQ building, aptly named The Well, demonstrates how a deep renovation of an old industrial unit can provide a comfortable and healthy environment for workers while enhancing their sense of well-being.
At a time when knock-and-rebuild is often the easiest building option, The Well is an exemplary display of sustainability. This is evident in the reuse and re-imagination of the internal building space and many of the core materials used within it.
The finished product is an emphatic representation of what can be achieved when the occupant and their comfort and well-being are placed at the core of building design.

Category — Between €2 and €5 million
Project — Analog Devices
Consultant — Varming Consulting Engineers
Contractor — Mercury Engineering Ltd
The Analog Devices Building on the University of Limerick Plassey Campus is a Centre of Excellence to promote world class research in the fields of science and engineering.
A key element of the brief was for the m&e design to focus on incorporating energy efficiency and sustainability into the construction and operation of the finished building. The finished building incorporates many examples of energy efficient and sustainable engineering technologies
Throughout the design and construction phases, there was a high degree of close collaboration between the UL End Users, the Design Team and the Construction Team.
Stringent adherence to ISO 9001 Quality Assurance Procedures contributed significantly to the successful delivery of this state-of-the art laboratory facility to meet BREEAM Excellent criteria.

Project — 1 Windmill Lane
Consultant — Arup
Contractor — Haughton and Young
1WML is the first in a new line of commercial offices built at the point where Dublin’s Docklands connect with the city centre and IFSC. The total floor area is approximately 14,000m2 extending over six storeys.
The client, Hibernia REIT plc, set a clear and ambitious brief in terms of specification and sustainability from the project outset. 1WML was designed to achieve a B1 BER and LEED Gold rating. Designed to accommodate up to three tenants per floor, carefully specified lighting, ventilation and air conditioning systems give maximum comfort, aid concentration and ensure the wellbeing of building occupants whilst minimising lifecycle costs.

Project — Irish Life Building
Consultant — Homan O’Brien Associates
Contractor — Jones Engineering Group
The air conditioning installation at Beresford Court, Dublin 1 — by use of ice bank thermal storage which is regenerated nightly, as required, by off-peak electricity — provides the owners, Irish Life Plc, with the following ongoing advantages:-

1. Reduced capacity refrigeration plant.
2. Reduced electrical maximum demand.
3. Reduced requirements on emergency generator system.
4. Standby cooling source in the event of chiller breakdown.
5. Over 50% of the annual cooling energy requirement for the building is provided at approximately half the normal cost by use of off-peak electrical tariff.

The entire original installation is still fully operational and has been so since commissioning in 1991. Its reliability has long since been established and the on-going economic benefits are such that the additional cost of the ice bank elements of the AC installation was recovered in less than two and a half years.

Category — Over €5 million
Project — One Microsoft Place
Consultant — Ethos Engineering
Contractor — Jones Engineering Group
One Microsoft Place is the largest office block ever embarked on for a single client in the state. Officially opened this year by Taoiseach Leo Varadkar, the scale and complexity of the project was unlike any other office building constructed in Ireland.
The contract cost €134 million and involved the occupation of 2,200 people with an overall building floor area of 35,000m². The fitout included 350km of IT cabling which would stretch from Dublin to Dingle; a digital waterfall and lake composed of 125,000 LEDs; solar thermal heating array collection area of 100m;, and 154km of pipework which is equivalent to seventeen and a half times the height of Mount Everest.
The client’s vision of a cooperative and collaborative workplace was shared by the design and construction teams throughout the project and is reflected in the finished building.

Project — Adare Manor Hotel & Golf Resort
Consultant — Arup
Contractor — Kirby Group Engineering
Adare Manor Hotel and Golf Resort is set on an 840-acre estate and operates as a 5-star hotel. In 2015, Arup was commissioned to provide mechanical, electrical and vertical transport design services for the refurbishment and extension of the 102-room hotel, spa and golf club. The client brief was to fully air-condition the entire building, including the listed section. Optimising innovative energy-efficient solutions throughout and integrating the services seamlessly without disruption to the character of the existing building were key to the success of the project. Based on extensive collaboration between the extended design team, the mechanical and electrical systems were designed and integrated to meet the highest standard of thermal and acoustic comfort, and co-ordinated seamlessly into the premium quality finishes.

Project — Criminal Courts of Justice
Consultant — JV Tierney & Co
Contractor — McKenna Eng/O’Kane Eng
The €140 million Criminal Courts of Justice building is the largest courts project undertaken in the history of the State.
J.V. Tierney were proud to be part of the Amber Infrastructure Team to deliver this prestigious project. The project posed significant challenges in meeting the Client Brief with strict environmental and acoustic criteria to be met in addition to meeting challenging energy targets.
The building is provided with advanced integrated security systems throughout as well as extensive use of Courtroom Technology and Audio Visual systems. The building was designed through the use of extensive thermal and energy modelling and has many low energy features including active Twin Skin Façade, use of Night Cooling, Thermal Mass and low energy Displacement Ventilation in each Courtroom.
The PPP project was completed within budget and three months ahead of schedule thanks to the collaborative approach and dedication of the full design and construction teams.

Embrace change but remember, ‘an quán dì yi’

Derek Mowlds, MSc, the Managing Director, PM Group Asia.

Reflecting on the industry since commencing employment as a designer approximately 23 year ago, the biggest change I have encountered is the rapid advances in technology and ICT. The fundamentals of building services design have not changed. However, how we work and communicate has completely transformed in the last two decades

I have seen and been part of this transformation from my humble beginnings in a design office in Mountjoy Square in Dublin (pre- AutoCad!), to VMRA in Dartry Road, then PM Group and onto PM Group’s Shanghai office in China. I am now the Managing Director of our businesses in Asia, and I felt that the best thing I could do for this piece is to share my thoughts on some of the key focus areas to successfully compete in, and deliver, projects in today’s exciting but sometimes unpredictable environment

These are in no particular order, as they may be applicable to various stages of business development and the project execution lifecycle, or to various stages of your own career.

Remain agile and flexible                                                                                             Building services engineers and the supply chain should remain agile and flexible in a very dynamic and changing environment. This may simply mean remaining open to different contracting models such as Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) or working with contractors on design and build projects; it may even mean an openness to travel for international experience, or work on projects with teams from multiple locations, or in a different sector.

Systems thinking                                                                                                                                                        Engineers are best placed to apply a “systems approach” to both engineering design and overall project delivery. Any project can be broken down into a distinct number of systems, many of which will be common from building to building, despite the sector. Focussing on the critical/key systems early can help drive decisions and improve project delivery and efficiency.

The systems approach can also be used to identify key interfaces with other design disciplines and encourage early dialogue and design coordination. Outside of engineering, there is an interesting resource that frequently refer to called the Systems Engineering Body of Knowledge (SEBoK – www.seebok-info.org) which provides key knowledge resources and references of systems engineering, organised and explained to assist a wide variety of users.

Lessons learned                                                                                                                                                             Always strive to capture and transfer lessons from one project to the next. Also refer to lessons captured from other projects in your organisation. Do this early in the project, before you encounter a repeat issue that could have been easily avoided. Without a robust “lessons learned” system in your organisation, valuable knowledge will be lost across projects as the design team will change, and people move on, but the key issues and challenges remain!

Be open-minded                                                                                                                                                        Always remain open to new technologies and innovations, and encourage innovation from all members of your team. Embrace the right technologies and approaches for your business and projects early, including BIM, LEAN, Construction Management IS (Information Systems) etc. However, remember that technology is an enabler, not the answer.

Continuous Professional Development                                                                                                          Stay in touch with your relevant engineering institutions, attend conferences and CPD events. Also, there is a huge volume of on-line CPD available. This raises another issue … for many the challenge now is managing your time as we are now “data rich and time poor”, according to a famous quote from Dr Kevin Kelly. It is also of huge importance to mentor and train the next wave of graduates in our industry. As you progress through your career, share your knowledge and experience to build the competencies of those around you.

Culture and communication                                                                                                                               Our clients, teams and colleagues now consist of a diverse mix of nationalities and cultures. This can actually improve team performance and efficiency based on the differing perspectives of individual team members. However, this requires leadership and mutual respect. Building services engineers also need to integrate into multidisciplinary design teams (often from multiple companies) to deliver projects requiring a huge dependency on soft skills in addition to technical acumen. There is a huge body of knowledge on culture and communications, plus regular seminars and workshops, that might be worth attending if you feel that improvement is needed in this area.

Safety first                                                                                                                                                                   Last, but by no means least, remember to keep safety at the heart of everything that you do. Think of safety in design and safety during construction. Then deliver safe assets and systems for those who will operate them into the future. In China we say “an quán dì yl” … safety first. Stay positive and watch out for signs of stress. I say this to both employers and employees, particularly on demanding projects. Remember, this is a marathon, not a sprint.

Health & Well Being of Buildings

Mona Holtkoetter

The building services profession has long moved from pipe, ductwork and equipment sizing to a much broader and more complex role. Topics like sustainability, energy savings, renewable energy and BIM (building information modelling), just to name a few, have become a huge part of building services design, sales, manufacturing and construction. Renewable energy, for example, has been brought back to the top of our priority list through the recent release of Building Regulations Part L 2017 (NZEB), and sustainability rating systems such as BREEAM, LEED and the Home Performance Index are part and parcel of our daily jobs.

A new topic has recently entered the Irish market – building design and operation that focuses on the benefit of health and well-being of people. This “second wave of sustainability” is focused on providing the optimal working environments where people can thrive and fulfil their highest potential.

Why is this important?                                                                                                        There are multiple ways we, as building services professionals, can positively impact the health and well-being of people in buildings through our design and construction practices. Here are a few aspects to consider.

A ventilation system, designed and built for optimal indoor air quality, has the potential to reduce the negative effects attributed to asthma, headaches, hay fever and the flu. Recent studies have also shown that improved indoor air quality has the potential to enhance individual cognition by up to 61%.1 Attention to detail when selecting materials such as paints, ductwork sealants, glues, ceiling tiles, carpets and furniture can reduce the toxic off gassing within the first year of installation and with that, potentially reduce the risk of cancer.

Another aspect is the design of water systems. Legionella has been the key word in the design and construction of water systems within the last 20 years. While this is still an important topic that cannot be neglected, the design of water systems should also take other harmful contaminants into account. Project-based water quality testing and the design of a consequent filtration system that removes  all contaminants and optimises the testing of drinking water, should become part of our scope in the future. Providing employees with access to high-quality and good-tasting drinking water has shown to positively influence hydration and therefore concentration levels.

The lighting environment we design for the people inside our buildings, who spend 90% of their time indoors, can impact their visual, circadian and mental health. Presently, most spaces are fitted with lighting systems that meet the visual needs of individuals, but do not consider the effects of lighting on our internal body clock or mental health. Research and design provides huge opportunities in this area.

A building’s indoor thermal environment not only affects its energy use, but also influences the health, well-being and productivity of the people inside. Thermal comfort is ranked as one of the highest contributing factors that influence our satisfaction with our buildings. While designs typically meet thermal comfort standards on paper, there is limited on-site verification to ensure that the space actually performs as intended.

As landlords and tenants alike increasingly demand healthy workspaces, we would do well to shift the focus towards on-site performance testing when it comes to these design and construction practices. Certification programmes such as the WELL Building Standard™ (WELL) already require testing for air and water quality, thermal and acoustic comfort, as well as lighting levels, propelling the industry to integrate this practice into the commissioning process and the day-to-day working lives of building services professionals.

Companies have already started to investigate the financial value of health and well-being interventions. A recent study by the World Green Building Council outlines The Business Case for Health and Well-being in Green Building. The published study features Cundall’s London office at One Carter Lane, which has claimed £200,000 annual savings based on reduced absenteeism and staff turnover.2 This office is the first space to be WELL Certifiedin Europe and has seen huge benefits by focusing on human-centred design, construction and operations.

Arup’s office in Cork, the first WELL Certifiedspace in Ireland, has also generated significant interest in healthy office environments. IPUT’s headquarters at St. Stephen’s Green, Dublin is on track to become the first WELL Certified™ office in the capital.

With these and other exciting developments, building services professionals are now faced with their most important role … supporting the health of the people who use their buildings every day.

References

[1] Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 2016.

[2] Doing Right by Planet and People: The Business Case for Health and Well-being in Green Building. World Green Business Council, April 2018. www.worldgbc.org/news-media/doingright- planet-and-people-business-case-healthand- wellbeing-green-building.